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An open container holds ice of mass 0.600kg at a temperature of -14.3?C . The mass of the container can be ignored. Heat is supplied to the container at the constant rate of 890J/minute .

The specific heat of ice to is 2100 J/kg?K and the heat of fusion for ice is 334�103J/kg.

1)How much time tmelts passes before the ice starts to melt?

2)From the time when the heating begins, how much time trise does it take before the temperature begins to rise above 0?C?
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For ice to melt, its temperature must be 0* C.

Let

Q1 = heat required to raise the ice temp from -14.3* C. to 0* C.
Q2 = heat required to melt the ice

Q1 = MCp(delta T)

Q2 = m(Hf)

where

M = mass of the ice = 0.6 kg (given)
Cp = specific heat of ice = 2100 J/kg K (given)
delta T = temperature change = 0 - -14.3 = 14.3* C.
Hf = heat of fusion of ice = 334 x 10^3 J/jg.

Substituting values,

Q1 = 0.6(2100)(14.3)

Q1 = 18018 joules

Q2 = 0.6(334 x 10^3)

Q2 = 200400 joules

Total heat required to melt the ice = Q1 + Q2 = 218418 joules

<< How much time T_melt passes before the ice starts to melt? >>

Tmelt = Q1/890 = 18018/890 = 120.24 minutes

<< From the time when the heating begins, how much time T_rise does it take before the temperature begins to rise above 0*C? >>

Trise = (Q1 + Q2)/740

Trise = 218418/890 = 245.41 minutes

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